Old-age provision in Switzerland is currently one of the greatest challenges in Swiss federal policy. As the baby-boomer generation reaches retirement age, many of those paying into the system will cease to be pensioners and become recipients. In addition, life expectancy is rising. People in Switzerland are therefore getting older on average and are therefore drawing a pension for longer. These factors are creating a structural deficit in old-age provision and will cause it to totter in the long term. There have been several attempts at reform in recent decades, most of which failed before the people. How can the pension system be restructured? Does the retirement age have to be raised? Taxes? Who should pay for the old-age provision of the baby-boomer generation?
Surveillance plays an important role for many states in law enforcement and terror prevention. And surveillance is also a recurring theme in companies that observe and analyse the behaviour of their employees in order to optimise processes. Depending on the purpose pursued, different methods are used that can also violate personal and data protection rights and encroach on the privacy of individual persons. What kind of surveillance is justified? And for what purposes?
The Swiss army and civilian service are currently organised according to the militia principle. The principle is that all Swiss citizens are obliged to serve. For Swiss citizens, deployment is currently voluntary. The numbers in the Swiss Armed Forces have been declining for years and could become a problem in the future. Civilian alternative service/civilian service, on the other hand, is becoming increasingly popular. There are also efforts to introduce a general civilian service. What form should the army and civilian service take in the future? Should women also be obliged to serve? Is a general civilian service a possible model for the future?
Organ trafficking and organ donation
Transplants and donations of organs, tissues and cells can save patients' lives. They are an important and precious tool for medicine and usually the last resort for its patients. Donated organs, tissues and cells are only available in very limited quantities and there are very long waiting lists for patients. For this reason, a paradigm shift in organ donation towards an objection solution has been discussed in Switzerland for quite some time. Who should be allowed to decide on the possible removal of organs after death? How can sufficient donor organs be guaranteed in the future? What about the trade in organs? To whom should this be open and how can illegal organ trafficking be prevented?
Biodiversity describes the abundance of different species and habitats in a landscape. It makes an important contribution to the functioning of an ecosystem and promotes the quality of life. It is indispensable for our food, clean water and air, clothing, energy, building materials, medicines and landscapes. How can biodiversity be preserved in Switzerland and globally? How can the reduction of biodiversity be countered?
Naturalisation and migration
Dealing with migration movements has been a dominant political issue in Switzerland as well as in the surrounding countries for years. Particularly in recent years, the disadvantages of the current system in Europe have become apparent due to the high numbers of refugees. The refugee camps around the Mediterranean and in Europe are becoming more and more of a long-term solution and the European countries cannot agree on a unified strategy. The naturalisation process in Switzerland is also a constant source of debate. What hurdles are needed to become a naturalised citizen? How should future migration movements be dealt with?
Balanced reporting & freedom of the press
Everyone has the right to freedom of expression; this right includes the freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas. Freedom of the press and media coverage have been a major issue not only since the beginning of the pandemic. Media professionals have been under international pressure for some time and are increasingly being actively prevented from doing their work. Moreover, the global media landscape is now dominated and shaped by a few media corporations and wealthy individuals. How can balanced reporting be guaranteed? When is reporting balanced at all? How can freedom of the press be protected?
Online trade is growing rapidly and is a challenge for all actors involved. Consumers' demands for ever cheaper and faster services are increasing. This is particularly challenging for logistics companies, which are responsible for delivery. Online trade is also increasingly competing with analogue shops and companies and is causing a drop in turnover and customers to leave. Which shipping models should be allowed? How should online trade be regulated? What customs duties and shipping prices should apply to deliveries from other countries?